Importance of Tiger - Ecosystem and Future of Conservation

Importance of the Tiger


The huge and incredibly diversified Indian subcontinent spans a wide region that runs from Bangladesh in the east to Pakistan in the west and expands north to the Himalayan kingdoms of Bhutan and Nepal. The importance of the tiger is of utmost consideration as the numbers in proportion to area are less. India is characterised by its striking temperature and topographic variations and it is home to a wide variety of animals and is the only location in the world where tigers and lions coexist. 

India through history, tradition, culture, and religion illustrates how humanity is intertwined with the environment while showcasing the beauty and diversity of the Indian subcontinent’s livestock. What has shaped life in this geographical microcosm known as India is the outcome of billions of years of function by natural forces.

Importance of the Tiger

Understanding Human and Wildlife Conflicts

In an attempt to exert control over his external environment, man has altered the natural order of things, causing harm to both nature and the accompanying animals. Man and Tiger have been engaged in a protracted battle, with Man appearing to be winning. But a component of Man’s conscience has come to understand that without it, it is also incapable of surviving on a physical or spiritual level.

However, occasionally, the lines are intentionally or unintentionally crossed by special interests that want to exploit the planet’s few surviving natural heritage regions for purely commercial or growth purposes.

Wildlife and diverse habitats have been pushed to the brink of extinction by humanity’s gradual acculturation and control. The population of animals has been driven dangerously low by self-defence, the brutal practice of sport hunting and poaching, and ultimately the economic objectives of the industrialised and globalised world.

Tiger Survives and How

The majestic tiger, despite its greater strength and perceptive skills, manages to survive to this day, battle-scarred and prostrate of man. Their survival has been possible at the mercy of man who had a massive, well-thought-out strategy for their utility and benefit. In the present circumstances, humanity is ultimately responsible and accountable for the fate of all living species and for determining the structure of the planet’s internal affairs.

Wildlife Protection Act – Project Save the Tiger

In 1973, the tremendous effort resulted in Project Tiger in India and the 1972 Wildlife Protection Act in India. Being the apex predator in the Indian wildlife terrain, tigers are present in almost all of the country’s states except for Jammu and Kashmir. The protection laws of tigers keep the jungle intact, preventing the extinction of the surviving tigers and other species.

The acts of conserving tigers have helped India to coexist diversity and beauty of the creatures in the tiger’s territory as well as the burden that contemporary metropolitan values impose on India’s ecosystems.

Read More About National Parks in India

Importance of Tiger - Ecosystem and Future of Conservation


1. Forest and Tiger

Large tracts of forest are necessary for tigers to survive; a male tiger’s home range might be anywhere from 30 to 150 square kilometres.

2. Industrialization and Tiger Habitat

Currently, 3% of India’s territory is made up of natural, protected forests, which act as carbon sinks for the country’s rapidly industrialising and highly inhabited areas.

3. Flora and Carbon Emissions

These areas’ flora absorb hundreds of thousands of tonnes of carbon annually, which contributes to pollution management and guarantees enough precipitation during India’s life-giving monsoon rains.

4. Indian Rivers

India has more than 200 rivers and they are essential to the country’s existence. Many of them originate in or pass through the country’s 50 Tiger Reserves. The preservation of this enormously important area of land is necessary to maintain India’s freshwater supplies and all the benefits they offer, such as sediments for crops and fish as well as regulated flow to prevent erosion and floods. Many of them originate in or pass through the country’s 50 Tiger Reserves.

5. Tigers and Eco-System

The herbivore population is regulated by the tigers and other big predators like the leopard and wild dog. If not kept in tight rein, then it might lead to subsequent crop raiding on neighbouring fields and stem an irreversible loss for the farmers from overgrazing in the forest.

Important species and their habitats are included within India’s Tiger Reserves by legislation that safeguards them as an umbrella for other species. The task force, research studies, habitat preservation initiatives, and community development initiatives have all contributed to the preservation of several species, including tigers.

6. Sustainable Wildlife Tourism

In terms of this industry, wildlife tourism in some places generates revenue, increases public awareness, and exposes people to it. It also involves public assistance, which helps Park Management directly by generating employment. The ultimate conflict is between the locals and the animals, therefore it also helps lessen human-animal conflict that arises from expanding wildlife populations.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is tigers important for the future generations?

Tiger being the unique species they are play an important part in the ecosystem and its diversity. The ecosystem is the source of nature’s healthy living through fresh water, food and air. The importance of tiger in sustaining this ecosystem is very inital enabling a health future for the future generations.

What are the important features of tigers?

Tigers have been gifted by nature to be skillful hunters through their active bosies that are agile. Tiger a mammal kills only to eat and not for pleasure making it the apex predator. The big cats in India are Lions, leopards, tigers and snow leopards.

Why is the tiger special?

Tiger is not only special for the beautiful orange coat and stripes that provide it camouflage. Conserving tiger by also leads to conserving the natural heritage of the land by implimentiong protected areas. These protected areas are called Tiger reserves and National Parks. The areas consist of forest areas which add to a solid green belt for the country.

What is the importance of Project Tiger?

Project tiger played an important role in the saving of the national animal – Tiger. Read More

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